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The Renewable Energy Framework Indicator (REFI) provides an annual assessment of the framework conditions for the deployment of PV and wind energy onshore on Member State level. The map below provides an overview of the REFI values for the European Member States for wind onshore and PV.  You may switch between the technologies by clicking on the respective button. The indicator values range between 1 (indicating very favourable conditions) and 0 (indicating very unfavourable conditions). By clicking on a country on the map you can access more detailed information on the framework conditions for the deployment of PV and wind energy onshore in the respective Member State.

  • Ranges of indicator values per category in EU28

    This graph displays the ranges of the REFI scores for wind onshore and PV across the 28 EU Member States. The boxplots summarise the scores for the main components of the REFI. You may switch between the technologies by clicking on the respective button.  By moving the mouse over the boxplots you can see more detailed information on the individual values.  

  • RE Framework Indicator in EU28

    This graph shows the score of the REFI in the best performing EU country. The overall score for each technology is displayed in the center of the graph, the individual sections represent the scores for the 16 sub-indicators.  You may switch between the technologies by clicking on the respective button. By moving the mouse over the different sections of the graph you can see a description and the value of each sub-indicator.


For the methodology of the Renewable energy framework indicator CLICK HERE.


The RNP project analyses the obstacles hindering the development of RES across all three energy sectors (electricity, heating & cooling, transport) in the European Union. The below map displays the obstacles index, whose calculation is based on the entire obstacles content of all Member States in all three sectors. The higher the value of a country, the more it is affected by the occurrence of obstacles.  

By clicking on a country, you can access a comprehensive collection of obstacles for the deployment of renewable energy technologies in the respective Member State.

Best practices

Best practices are defined as exemplary practices or actions, which have proven to contribute to a significant extend to the development of renewable energies. Please find below a list of all identified best practices. The entries can be filtered by sector, category and sub-category.

Country: Netherlands
Sector(s): Electricity
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Information exchange / communication between relevant stakeholders

In the context of a transitioning energy system with decentralised and interdependent market players, the sharing of best practises is foundational for a successful broad application of them. In this regard, the Dutch Government has launched in November 2017, together with parties from the wind energy sector, an international campaign called “Wind and Water Works”. With this campaign, the Netherlands Government aims to export its expertise on wind energy at sea to other countries. This includes an effective policy that had led to a quick decrease of the price of wind energy pro-duced at sea. As a reminder, the Dutch policy had allowed the first tender without subsidy for a wind power park at sea in December 2017.

Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E offshore wind

The RES LEGAL database includes an overview of the national policies and support schemes for renewable energy in all three sectors. It provides a quick overview of the different national regulations regarding renewable energy sources in a clear, concise and convenient way. The creation date and the last update of the information are displayed in each country profile. The descriptions of the national measures are based on the relevant legal sources. Links to the original legal sources in their original language are included as hyperlinks. In addition, a list of contacts in national bodies and experts is included for gathering further information on the displayed topics. The RES LEGAL Europe database can be accessed by clicking on the project logo.

This section provides further insights on country-specific results derived within a model-based analysis of RES-E policy pathways towards 2030. More precisely, the outcomes of a quantitative policy analysis of various scenarios on future RES deployment within the EU are used to indicate the impact of our suggested measures on related policy costs.