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Electricity

Barrier index per category and technology

Heating and Cooling

Barrier index per category and technology

Transport

Barrier index per category and technology

Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E CSP
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E tidal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

An increasing share of RES in the electricity mix is imposing adjustments in the power market design, as the latter is currently based on the operational expenditures (OPEX) instead than on the capital expenditures (CAPEX) and RES are high in CAPEX and have low OPEX. That is when there is a higher percentage of RES in the electricity mix, the market price of the electricity is lower and, therefore, RES need stable support schemes to finance their CAPEX and reduce their risk. Yet, Portugal has suppressed their FiTs for new RES projects and has moved to a market integration approach, whereby RES should be only financed through a (low) market price, but without adjusting the market design. This represents an incongruity in the way electricity price is calculated; the cost of capital of renewables should be also taken into account if RES are to be financed by the spot market price.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE01
Category: Market structure
Sub-Category: Fair and independent regulation of the RES sector
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E CSP
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E tidal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The country risk, due to the economic and financial crisis, induced a lack of banks’ capital available to finance renewable energy projects and when available, implicates high project development costs.

Component Authority:  Ministério das Finanças
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE02
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Access to finance
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E CSP
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E tidal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There is no transparent information on the real costs of the RES support. Moreover, some interest groups have spread incorrect information, which the Government and competent authorities have not corrected. In addition, recent policy changes and declarations from members of the Government have supported the idea that RES are expensive and have excessive rents, which has affected public opinion. The actual costs of the RES support are published and reported annually by the Entity for Energy Services in the report named “Tariffs and Prices for Electricity”. In addition, in Portugal the support for RES (designated as an over-price, which represents a market price surplus) is entirely paid by the final consumer under the heading “Costs of the General Economic Interest”in the electricity bill paid to the electricity trader.

Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE03
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Public perception of RES
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E CSP
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E tidal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Licensing procedures are long, complex and time consuming, involving several entities that are not coordinated and legislation spread over hundreds of documents. The DGEG has a “Service Portal” through which it is possible to proceed with the request and licensing of RES-E plants. However, this portal only adds the conditions and criteria required in the process of allocation of electricity injection capacity, but the licensing process refers to conditions and requirements asked by other entities, and the promoter has to contact and respond to each of them separatly, which is not applicable with the one-stop-shop approach. In particular, the entities involved in the licensing process are as follows: DGEG, Portuguese Environment Agency, Nature and Forestry Conservation Institute, City Council or Municipalities depending on the location of the power plant, DSO or TSO for connection of the plant, and, in the case of hydropower installations the Hydrographic Region Administration where the installation operates should also be contacted. This reality often imposes duplication of information, inconsistent response times between entities and inevitably slowness in the processes.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE05
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Complexity of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The compatibility of RES-E projects is not assessed a priori, often clashing with Municipal Master Plans and other Land Use Management instruments. Project developers are subject to bargaining with competent authorities for financial compensations to obtain necessary permits. The Director and Municipal Plans, the Regional Land Management Plan of the Territorial Region, as well as the National Agricultural Reserve and the National Ecological Reserve have specific criteria and restrictions, namely on the parameters of occupation and land use. Although renewable plants, like wind or solar, are industrial installations, they are typically located on land previously assigned to other purposes. Therefore, there may be difficulties in terms of municipal licensing, unless the project is considered of public interest for the region, and its construction is allowed regardless of the typology of land use. If the City Council does not authorize the project, even if the opinion of the EIA is favorable as well as the production licensing, the project can not proceed. However, municipalities typically see renewable electricity production as an added value for the region that contribute to development, sustainability and employment. On the other hand, wind power plants that receive FiT, pay municipalities a counterpart of 2.5% of their gross incomes, which is another factor for a good reception of local authorities. That is why the barrier is not that sever but it has rather moderate effects on the further development of the RES plants. Moreover, the incompatibility of RES-E projects with forest areas is also a strong issue, including the prohibition to build in areas where there have been fires for a period of ten years. It should be noted that building permits are demanding and time-consuming, requiring the delivery of a set of information that has to be already approved in previous EIA processes and production licensing.

Component Authority:  Municipalities
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE06
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Integration of RES in spatial and environmental planning
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E CSP
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E tidal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

RES projects are subject to environmental studies that have negative impacts in the projects, due to lengthy and expensive environmental process. Moreover, the procedures of the Environmental Impact Assessment Committees also impact negatively on the project, as this committee is made up of different entities, according to the nature and location of the project. Thus, the following situations may arise: the presence of a representative of the promoter is not possible to answer immediately all the requests, there is no limit to what can be demanded of the promoter in terms of environmental studies and data, mitigation and compensation measures and their decision is subject to the opinion of different entities that are not necessarily involved according to the environmental impact regulations. During this phase, when additional elements are requested from the project developer, the procedure is suspended for a period of up to 6 months or until the changes are submitted, later the new contents may give rise to a new CA’s statement, as well as repetition of some essential formalities such as for example the public consultation. Moreover, there is often a lack of analysis on the adaptability of the fauna and flora to the project, using other case studies as reference.

Component Authority:  Agência Portuguesa Do Ambiente
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE07
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Integration of RES in spatial and environmental planning
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E CSP
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E tidal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There is a very limited interconnection capacity between France, Spain and Portugal preventing the export of renewable electricity from the Iberian Peninsula to central Europe. This fact indirectly limits the development of RES-E projects in Portugal, because if there is over production of renewable electricity that cannot be exported to other countries, there is more risk of electricity blackouts as well as it is more difficult to manage variable renewable power sources like solar and wind. The agreement of cooperation mechanisms within the framework of the Renewables Directive might in addition lead to harder curtailment regimes. However, some progress has been registered in the last years, especially in 2015, when the interconnection capacity between France and Spain has more than doubled, and Spain, Portugal and France have signed an important interconnection agreements to increase the interconnection capacity in the coming years.

Component Authority:  European Commission
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE08
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Transparent and foreseeable grid development
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The Portuguese Fiscal and Custom Authority has placed a heavy financial burden on the RES-E sector in the hope that it will be a tax revenue source. In particular, concerning the incidence of the Municipal Real Estate Tax (IMI), the Fiscal and Custom Authority is considering RES-E equipment as real estate constructions and, thus, from the perspective of the project developers it is charging a high and inconsistent Municipal Real Estate tax. Promoters already have several processes in court, claiming that they shouldn´t be subject to IMI and that the evaluation methodology is incorrect. The reform of green tax (Reforma da Fiscalidade Verde, Circular 4/2015, de 25 de fevereiro) has implemented that constructions for RES production pay only 50% of the IMI. Yet, critics argue that this rebate is still not sufficient to realise profitable RES projects.

Component Authority:  Autoridade Tributária e Aduaneira
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE12
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Taxing regime
Affected Technologies:
Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The main problem of the last tender call (2010) for SHP was the general design of the tender scheme due to the lack of cooperation between the involved entities such as the Ministries of Economy and of Environment, Spatial Planning and Energy as well as Portuguese Agency for the Environment. As they did not exchange information, they did not take into account that the environmental impact assessment (EIA) would be an obstacle to develop SHP plants and, thus, they did not include measures to prevent problems related to EIA licenses. In fact, environmental licensing in relation to hydroelectric power plants are extremely time consuming and very difficult to obtain. In addition, the price of the offer was the only award criteria (disregarding the quality, qualification and experience of promoters and their projects) taken into account for the SHP tender. As a consequence, no project that won the tender went in operation and some projects could not even obtain the EIA license. Some competitors asked to change the technology from small hydro to solar photovoltaic through the renegotiation of the tariff assigned to a lower value. These projects are currently being developed. Other competitors asked for the refund of the amount paid in the award, and were refunded.

Component Authority:  Agência Portuguesa Do Ambiente
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE13
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Complexity of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E CSP
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

In less developed network areas, the connection of RES-E projects will require the construction of aerial line to connection the installation to the nearest network point. Often the line will run through environmentally sensitive areas, requiring for further administrative clearances and negotiations. The process does not constitute a major barrier but can be a time-consuming procedure, lengthening the development period for the installation owner and thus at times also raising the development costs. The authorities recognize this obstacle and have acted to speed the environmental licensing in cases of need for aerial lines in environmentally sensitive areas, albeit with little tangible results.

Component Authority:  Ministério da Economia
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE18
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Integration of RES in spatial and environmental planning
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

RES individual producers, especially solar PV operators, are unequally treated in their income declaration in relation to companies. The main problem is that a company can pay off its investments over the years, as the IRC (Collective Income Tax) translates the tax to the State according to the economic balance sheets. Yet, in the case of a private person, the investment made in the micro production installation is not accounted for and he/she has to pay a IRS (Single Income Tax) that can reach 50% of the billing without being able to deduct the investment and O & M costs. Furthermore, if micro-producers do not declare the income earned from the activity of the sale of electricity, they are subject to a fine. This is mandatory by the national law that foresees the annual declaration of the incomes for all activities, including micro production of RES, to the Ministry of Finance. Previously, there was an exemption for micro-production installations that received an income of less than 5,000 Euros per year. However, this clause was repealed in 2015.

Component Authority:  Ministério das Finanças
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE22
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Taxing regime
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

In Portugal, it is difficult to develop biomass power projects due to territorial and climate issues. About 89% of the forest areas are owned by small private owners and about 70% of small private owners own forest areas of less than 5 hectares. Forest Producer Organizations (OPFs) are a central element in representing the interests of forest owners and managers. In the last years, the number of OPFs has been increasing, with 172 OPFs currently numbering some 70,000 associated forest owners. Despite the increase in the number of OPFs, the resource exploitation potential has a low rate of utilization, since forest areas have reduced size and are fragmented, making economies of scale impossible. On the other hand, there is a lack of interest in the forest due to unfavorable weather conditions: Mediterranean weather has hot and dry summers that favor the spreading of fires. The situation is further aggravated by rural abandonment, neglecting and fuel accumulation. The high risk of fire further alienates forest owners and leads to underutilization of forest resources. All these factors harm the biomass sector, not only for energy use, but also for other purposes, contributing to the high logistics costs for collection, treatment and transportation, not allowing a sustainable valuation of the resource. This barrier is recognized by the authorities, yet it is extraordinarily difficult to act due to the legal issues associated with the private property. As a measure of action, in 2012 the “Land Grant” was created by the Ministry of Agriculture, Sea, Environment and Spatial Planning, which aims to facilitate the access to land by making available areas that are not used under the terms of the Baldies Law (http://www.bolsanacionaldeterras.pt/quem.php). The land grant makes available areas to the state, local authorities and any other public entity, as well as to private entities for agricultural, forestry and silvopastoral ends. In 2015, the “National Strategy for Forests” review was published, highlighting all these problems and foreseeing a set of strategic objectives and measures. Currently, it is still too early to assess the impact that the strategy may have.

Component Authority:  Autoridade Florestal Nacional
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE26
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Integration of RES in spatial and environmental planning
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

It is necessary to support emerging offshore technologies to ensure that Portugal can attract technicians and projects for R&D and benefit the most from the developments of these technologies. Currently there is only a remuneration scheme for Offshore and wave projects in pre-commercial stage, amounting to EUR 80/MWh. In fact, the Windfloat (2012-2016) project, that finished its first phase (pilot) in 2016 was quite successful and will begin the pre-commercial phase in 2017 (see barrier 16PTE). Yet, it is still lacking a FIT for Offshore and wave projects in commercial stage. This problem has not been recognized by the public authorities yet.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE27
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E CSP
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E tidal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Decree-Law 215-B/2012 has set a moratorium for all large RES-E projects introduced by Decree-Law 25/2012. It has changed the existing electricity generation regimes, namely the Ordinary Regime and the Special Regime, promoting a consolidation of the legal regime applicable to large RES-E projects. New RES-E plants should from now on be paid according to the Wholesale Electricity Market price (MIBEL). Support schemes were therefore extinguished, and can only be envisaged via a specific power granting tender to be launched by the competent energy authority. However, an ordinance defining the details of these tenders is still to be published. This represents a severe barrier, considering the fact that RES-E projects are being pushed into a marginal market in which prices has been historically so low that makes impracticable to build any power plant under this general remuneration regime.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE28
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Reliability of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E CSP
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E tidal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The administrative procedure to obtain the production licenses is highly complex and, therefore, time consuming and financially costly. Licences involve times and deadlines impossible to accomplish, especially in what concerns environmental impact assessment, and discretionary decisions from the member of the government responsible for the energy sector. In fact, the licensing process begins with the request to connect the plant to the RESP (Public Utility’s Electricity Grid). The DGEG and TSO or DSO should evaluate the required connection point and after favorable evaluation the promoter has up to 3 years to apply for the production license. During this time, the connection point is prohibited to other promoters and there is no monitoring of the evolution of the proces; if at the end of 3 years the production license process did not advance, the connection point was retained, preventing other projects from being developed. With the application for the production license, all the technical information of the project, such as the equipment to be installed, technical conditions of connection, among others, as well as a favorable or conditionally favorable Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) must be submitted. The problem is that during the EIA a wide and excessive range of measures, actions and demands are required, implying that Environmental impact studies tend to last long time, and it is not always possible to comply with the referred deadline. After the production license has been applied for, the developer must start construction within two years, except for publicly-operated plants that the term is extend to 3 years, 5 years for plants in maritime areas and 6 years for hydropower plants. After the production license is issued, if the developer wants to change something of the project, such as changing equipment, he must re-start the process from the beginning. All these phases have huge financial costs and time losses for the RES companies. The licensing process for a wind or solar power plant takes on average about 4 to 5 years, while for hydropower plants it tends to last 10 to 20 years.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE32
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Complexity of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E CSP
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E tidal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Energy statistics in Portugal are hard to analyse due to the different approaches chosen by each of the official entities to publish data. The different strategic planning documents, such as the National Plan for Climate Change (PNAC), the National Action Plan for Renewable Energies (PNAER), the Development and Investment Plan for the Electricity Transport Network (PDIRT) and the Monitoring of Supply Security (RMSA), are in the responsibility of different entities and there is a lack of coordination between them. This often translates into outdating the basic assumptions used, which in turn weakens the model and its validity for application. For example, the Supply Security Monitoring Report (RMSA) published by the DGEG, with the contribution of REN, in 2015 does not present the statistics that were published by the same DGEG in its official documents and the projections do not agree with the PNAC and the PNAER scenarios. This inconsistency and discrepancy in values and scenarios found in different official strategic documents creates uncertainties in the sector and obstacles to its growth, transmitting instability and insecurity to investors and other stakeholders in the sector. This situation is not acknowledged by the responsible entities as a barrier, nor there are measures for correction.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE33
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Statistics
Affected Technologies:
Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Decree-Law 35, of 28 February 2013 changed the existing SHP support regime in order to reduce the electricity deficit, by reducing the period during which SHP could receive FiTs from 35-25 years to 10 years. This was a retroactive change and did not have the agreement of the promoters. The change was legally contested by the producers before the court, and they won the lawsuit. However, the agreement of the constitutional court stated that a claim for loss or loss of revenue can only be made when it actually occurs, that is, at the end of each year in which there is a breach of the initial contract. Since the agreement of the court is not favorable to neither party, producers are trying to reach an agreement with the ministries to compensate for the reduction of the tariff period. In particular, promoters are requesting a water use license extension for 45 years, as these projects have made huge investments and the return requires a long period of the project life time.

Component Authority:  Ministério das Finanças
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE36
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Revenue risk under given support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E CSP
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E tidal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The newly established self-consumption regime provides for several benefits for grid management. These benefits include reduction of grid losses, because production is closer to consumption and peak shaving, because most of small scale production comes from solar power plants that produce during the peak hours. Nonetheless, not only these benefits are not remunerated or incentivized, but small scale production is twice penalized: 1) self-consumption units above 1,5 kW are subject to a tax to bear the electricity system costs, and 2) the remuneration of the excess production received by the self-consumption units is 10% less than the market price to compensate the costs of the injection.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE38
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Cost of RES grid access
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The Portuguese Tax Administration has applied high financial burden on the RES-E sector to generate a tax revenue source. Concerning the tax depreciation for RES-E equipment, the Tax Administration asked first for a period between 20 and 40 years, which was unrelated to the lifetime of the project and would have negative fiscal impact on the RES projects. Thus, wind and solar power promoters asked to reduce the period to between 12,5 and 25 years. The Tax Administration agreed with the claims and introduced a tax for a period of 12,5 years for solar and wind in the green fiscal reform published in 2015. After approval of the new regime, the new legislation began to be applied for new RES projects, but the Tax Administration does not accept the application of this regime to previous RES projects, which were constructed prior to the new legal framework. This has generated different situations of conflict.

Component Authority:  Autoridade Tributária e Aduaneira
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: PTE39
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Taxing regime
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Portugal has still a large unexploited biomass potential, as some sources such as residues from forests and from the paper and cork industries as well as dedicated crops are still underexploited. In addition, competitive biomass availability is threatened by the following issues: Inadequate supply due to the lack of agents that are exclusively dedicated to the biomass production within the forestry sector; absence of a competitive forest residues market, as the tradition of large-scale waste collection has not been established and high logistics costs for collection, treatment and transportation.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity, Heating and Cooling
Code: PTEHC24
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Remuneration level for RES
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Currently, in Portugal Decree-Law 231/2012 allows the injection of gas from unconventional sources (biogas and gas from biomass or other gases) in the natural gas grid if the quality and safety standards as well as licencing procedures are guaranteed. However, the standards as well as the licencing procedures have not yet been published in the Portuguese legislation, so it is still not possible the injection of biogas and gas from biomass in the natural gas grid, which is considered an important barrier to the development of the biogas sector in Portugal. The reason is that biogas is not a priority for the national government in Portugal.

Component Authority:  Autoridade Florestal Nacional
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: PTHC01
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Injection of biogas into natural gas grid
Affected Technologies:
Geothermal energy
RES-HC deep geothermal
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC shallow geothermal (heat pumps)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There is a lack of awareness about the RES-H&C technologies and their benefits for policy makers, the general public, urban planners as well as installers. In addition, resistance to implement widely these technologies can be detected. The barrier especially affects the biomass technology because it is a new source for a large share of the general population and there is a lack of diffusion of this sort of renewable energy technology.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: PTHC25
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Public perception of RES
Affected Technologies:
Geothermal energy
RES-HC deep geothermal
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC shallow geothermal (heat pumps)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Currently, the certification for installers of biomass equipment is not mandatory, which creates a barrier in the diffusion of the respective equipment. It should be noted that ADENE -Energy Agency- regularly promotes free training dedicated to this issue and accessible to all interested stakeholders.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: PTHC27
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Certification
Affected Technologies:
Geothermal energy
RES-HC deep geothermal
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC shallow geothermal (heat pumps)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The fiscal benefits, such as the exemption on the income tax, were removed by 2010 and were not re-established, although this was one of the proposals assessed by the Green Tax Reform Commission. Additionally, currently biomass fuel is taxed at 23% VAT, while certain fossil fuels like natural gas and others have a lower value-added tax rate. This factor is a significant barrier, as it represents a disadvantage to the use of residual forest biomass as fuel.

Component Authority:  Ministério das Finanças
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: PTHC29
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Taxing regime
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Currently, there are no mandatory certification systems or quality controls to check biomass fuel quality (i.e. the physical properties of refined biomass fuels such as wood pellets); the only systems in place are voluntary, mostly managed by private entities. This represents a barrier because the quality certification systems help ensuring that biomass fuels are produced in a sustainable way. As a consequence, only the biggest producers are certifying their products under the voluntary ENplus scheme. This remains a barrier for small and medium scale producers.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: PTHC31
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Certification
Affected Technologies:
Geothermal energy
RES-HC deep geothermal
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC shallow geothermal (heat pumps)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The 2020 target set for renewables in the heating and cooling sector (RES-H&C) in the NREAP is quite low (35.9%). Moreover, the share of renewable energy in the heating mix has decreased in the last years from 37.86% in 2009 to 33% in 2012. This shows not only the lack of ambition of setting a 2020 target below 2009 real shares, but also that the RES-H&C sector has been abandoned in the last years and it will now be more difficult to reach the target. Moreover, both the Green Growth Commitment and the Green Tax Reform have not proposed measures for the RES-H&C sector.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: PTHC33
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Public statistics on biomass consumption for heating are only present in the census - conducted every 10 years. Biomass consumption annual statistics for heating are based on a survey that was carried out by the DGEG in partnership with INE in 2010. The biomass consumption annual statistics are, then, based on estimations from the 2010 survey. This issue is clearly a barrier, yet difficult to overcome, since most of the biomass used for heating the dwellings is derived from biomass harvested in own or local lands. It should be noted that this barrier is difficult to overcome, since most of the biomass used for heating in households is derived from biomass sources harvested in own or local lands.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: PTHC34
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Statistics
Affected Technologies:
Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Under the previous micro generation regime, the installation of solar thermal panels or biomass boilers was mandatory in order to receive the FiT. Under the new self-consumption and small units’ legislation, which was published in October 2014 and changed the micro generation regime, the installation of these systems is no longer mandatory. Therefore, the previous indirect incentive was removed.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: PTHC36
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Reliability of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The Portuguese NREAP included one measure about “Launching co-financing programs for heating and domestic hot water equipment through the use of heat exchangers and biomass boilers.” However, both the Energy Efficiency Fund 2012 calls and the “Efficient Building 2013” have excluded support for biomass equipment. In fact, although new incentive measures for energy efficiency have emerged under the Efficient Building program, there is still a lack of support for biomass equipment. The solar thermal sector continues to deserve great attention from policy makers but the potential of biomass heating remains unknown.

Component Authority:  Agência para a Energia
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: PTHC37
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Access to finance
Affected Technologies:
Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The solar thermal sector has received great attention from policy makers, especially concerning buildings which have been constructed as of 2015 under the PO-SEUR program. Under this program new investment measures were announced for thermal solar energy, both for single and multifamily buildings. However, there are some difficulties for existing buildings. The difficulties in already existing buildings often lie in the rules of some condos, lack of space to install solar thermal systems in all condos, as well as in the absence of a heating network, which was not initially designed or planned. The latter implies expensive refurbishment works to install solar thermal systems in already existing buildings without heating networks. Due to the expensive refurbishment works, in Portugal the installation of solar thermal collectors is only feasible in the large and principal urban centers.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: PTHC38
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Technological issues (e.g. blending limits)
Affected Technologies:
Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There is a lack of incentives for research and development on new forms of solar thermal equipment design. This is especially important for the refurbishment of multifamily buildings where there is a lack of space in the houses, lofts and cellars. The lack of incentives for research and development is a cross-cutting problem for all RES in the heating sector in Portugal, but there are very active research groups that have done a commendable job in the study of new solar thermal solutions. Examples of these groups are: • The solar energy unit of the national energy and geology laboratory dedicated to the study of the resource, evaluation of the performance of capture equipment, modeling and simulation of systems of daily thermal storage and the realization of solar thermal systems tests. • The Renewable Energy Chair of the University of Évora, a group that develops and tests new technologies for capturing and transforming solar radiation into heat for heating and cooling for industrial and other processes. Therefore, while there is some research in the solar thermal sector, development is lagging behind.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: PTHC39
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Lack of infrastructure and infrastructure development
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The pricing of biodiesel produced in Portugal based on the volatile international quotations of this product does not seem to ensure the necessary profit margins for the industry to sustain its business for the long term.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: PTT35
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Remuneration level for RES
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

In Portugal, there is still potential to explore non-woody energy crops (like miscanthus) and agro wastes/sub products for advanced biofuels. Some actions have been implemented at official level to stimulate the national agriculture for the production of some biofuels such as Ordinance 8/2012 defines the framework for the production of endogenous and second generation biofuels. An incentive was defined to grant extra certificates for biofuels produced in Portugal and biofuels produced from waste. This incentive allowed the installation of a production plant of biodiesel from animal waste and waste oils; yet mostly first generation biofuels like rapeseed oil. The national production of rapeseed has grown significantly between 2014 and 2016 due to different reasons: 1) It is profitable for farmers; 2) Provides the country with supplies of high-protein flours which is needed for animal feed; 3) There is a guarantee that either the oil component, or the flour component is guaranteed to be sold in the markets. The latter reason alone allows biofuel producers to guarantee to farmers the purchase of their whole production. It should be highlighted that second-generation biofuels do not play a significant role yet, because there is no guarantee that their whole production will be sold in the market. Thus, it is not attractive enough for the farmers to produce other crops.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: PTT37
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Integration of RES in spatial and environmental planning
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

In Europe, the maximum limits for biofuels content in the fuel market are set by two European standards: 7% (v/v) FAME biodiesel in diesel (EN 590), and 10% (v/v) for ethanol in the gasoline market (EN228). These requirements are set with the agreement of the European car manufacturers. These maximum limits are important for the compliance of RES-T target for 2020, as they may influence the market investments for advanced biofuels (HVO, BTL, etc.). The problem is that there has been neither mention, nor recommendations for the development and commercialization of richer biofuels mixtures in Portugal, since there is no longer a binding European target for renewables in transport.

Component Authority:  European Commission
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: PTT38
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: European institutions' position on RES
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

A number of mechanisms are permissible for proving compliance with the sustainability criteria, including national systems in EU Member States, voluntary schemes, and bilateral or multilateral agreements. Among these mechanisms, the emphasis has been on voluntary schemes, a wide variety of which have emerged in recent years in response to the European expansion of biofuels and bioenergy markets, with some aimed specifically in response to the EU-RED requirements. The proliferation and variety of the schemes has complicated the work of policy-makers, investors and other market actors and has illustrated the need for harmonisation and coordination. Since 2011, the European Commission has approved 19 voluntary schemes that should be applied equally throughout the EU. Yet, problems can arise with the verification of the origin of waste and residues. The European Union through Directive 2008/98 / EC of November 19, discourages the production of waste, defining as a priority the management of these and their reduction. However, multiple municipalities may encourage the production of waste and the complexity for recognition at national level may cause disagreements among local or regional governments and the EU Directives, leading to fraud.

Component Authority:  European Commission
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: PTT39
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: European institutions' position on RES
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There is no consensus about the concept of biofuel feedstocks and which feedstocks and wastes can be used for the production of biofuels, not only among the general public but also between the experts on the sector. The Portuguese authorities are currently studying and analysing the subject by using Annex IX of Article 1513/2015 as the starting point in order to clarify the issue and reach a consensus.

Component Authority:  European Commission
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: PTT42
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Public perception of RES
Affected Technologies:
Electricity
RES-T electricity
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

MOBI.E was created in 2010 to enable Portugal deploying the charging infrastructure to electric vehicles. The problem is that the pilot phase of MOBI.E has been lasting more than it was planned with a new review for 2018. The first phase of the program, still to be concluded, has foreseen 1,200 normal charge points and 50 rapid charging points to be available to the users. In order to achieve it, Mobi.E has to install 124 normal and 50 rapid charge points by the end of 2016. The second phase, according to the conditions approved within the Council of Ministers in June 2016, foresees 404 additional normal charging points distributed in 202 equipment, which Mobi.E will have to install by the end of 2018. This second stage would cover about 200 municipalities that were not covered by the initial phase. Stakeholders expect that charging points under the second phase will be constructed on time and will not be delayed as the first phase.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: PTT43
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Lack of infrastructure and infrastructure development
Affected Technologies:
Electricity
RES-T electricity
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The general public finds electric vehicles not enough autonomous, expensive and, therefore, less attractive and reliable. They find also that EVs are too limited to undertake large trips. The negative public perception is contesting the market readiness of the electric cars technology.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: PTT44
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Technological issues (e.g. blending limits)
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T gaseous biofuels (biomethane)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydrogen
RES-T hydrogen
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There is a lack of a regulatory framework that supports the injection of biogas and hydrogen in methane distribution plants for natural gas vehicles and, thus, the biogas and hydrogen market in Portugal is very small and still not developed. In fact, most of the existing vehicles in Portugal work with a liquid fuelled combustion engine and just a very few models of renewable energy sources cars (e.g. hydrogen and biogas) are currently available and there is no capacity to offer these cars in large scale..

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: PTT52
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Lack of infrastructure and infrastructure development