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Electricity

Barrier index per category and technology

Heating and Cooling

Barrier index per category and technology

Transport

Barrier index per category and technology

Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Stakeholders have been deploring for many years the lack of sectoral plans for the development of renewable energies in Luxembourg, which especially hindered the growth of the wind, solar and biomass sectors. Regarding wind energy, some evolution has been observed since the beginning of 2014. The government has namely announced the publication of a sector plan for wind energy for the first quarter of 2015. According to stakeholders, the document was expected to provide an overview of the suitable wind turbine sites in Luxembourg, both from an economic and from an eligibility perspective. However, these plans, which were developed by the Ministry of Sustainability in cooperation with SOLAIR, which is the strongest wind power developer in Luxembourg, are not officially published. Nonetheless, the initiative to create a wind energy cadastral plan was already taken by stakeholders other than the government. Suitable sites for the development of wind energy projects have indeed been identified on the basis of a wind register commissioned by the Luxembourgian Electricity Company SEO . Based on the results of its cadastral plan, the company Soler is currently in the process of elaborating large wind farm projects in Luxembourg.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: LUE03
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The Ministry of Sustainable Development and Infrastructure (MDDI) refuses building permissions for ground-mounted PV installations. The official statement often includes environmental issues, e.g. animal crossing points that are interrupted due to fences that have to be built in order to protect the PV installations. The main reason for the denial of building permissions for ground-mounted PV installations is the unwillingness of the Government to use these spaces for PV.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: LUE05
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Integration of RES in spatial and environmental planning
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Only PV installations with a maximum capacity of 30 kW are funded through the FiT. In addition, the subsidies do also not affect larger PV installations.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: LUE06
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The DSO in Luxembourg (CREOS / ENOVOS) has the monopoly, which leads to the frequent occurence that the electricity produced by PV installations cannot be fed into the grid, since e.g. the transformers do not have enough capacity or there is no sufficient connection possibility (there is no obligation for the DSO to feed-in the electricity). Unfortunately, these decisions are in many cases not comprehensible. In case of doubt, the electricity producer has to pay the additional costs of grid connection, which in consequence leads to the fact that the whole project is no longer affordable.

Component Authority:  Creos Luxembourg S.A.
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: LUE07
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Cost of RES grid access
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

A huge step towards the development of wind power in Luxembourg has been taken by the issue of development plans for wind energy, which define spaces that are eligible for this technology. However, these plans, which were developed by the Ministry of Sustainability in cooperation with SOLAIR, which is the strongest wind power developper in Luxembourg, are not officially published and to this regard not accessible to the public. This is seen as a strong burden for other potential wind power producers as the accessibility of potential spaces is limited and administrative procedures might take longer.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: LUE08
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Integration of RES in spatial and environmental planning
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There are not yet regulations concerning self-consumption of renewable electricity. The new technical connection specifications require the use of three different smart meters, which leads to a high financial burden for the producers of self-consumed renewable electricity. Furthermore, it is not clear whether or not self-consumers are exempted from the electricity tax. Currently, the excess electricity generated is remunerated by the Prix du Marché, which is the minimum price that the DSO has to pay according to the law.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: LUE09
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Regarding wind energy, some local protests can be observed. However, as these protests are not organised by larger groups, this barrier has only minimal effect on the deployment of wind power in Luxembourg. A reason for the increase of public acceptance is the increased involvement of local residents in wind projects (by SOLAIR)

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: LUE10
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Public perception of RES
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

"On 15 February 2011, the new Agriculture Act (Loi du 18 avril 2008 concernant le renouvellement du soutien au développement rural) entered into force, only entitling biogas plants to investment aid if they meet the following criteria:• Only national agro-industrial waste materials shall be used in the biogas plant (imports from the border region is prohibited)• National input materials shall originate only from a radius of 25 kilometres around the biogas plant• Supply contracts for biomass must run for at least 10 yearsDue to this ministerial decision, the scope of action concerning the biomass is substantially limited. The average investment aid for agricultural biogas plants amounts to approx. 50%. Without this aid, an economically viable operation of the biogas plants is not possible (Biogasvereenigung, 2016). "

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity, Heating and Cooling
Code: LUEHC02
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Sustainability criteria for biomass
Affected Technologies:
Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The rising prices for animal feed also let to a sharp rise of the substrate costs for biogas plant operators during recent years. For systems in which a specific target has to be achieved in order to meet their heat supply contracts, an additional acquisition of substrates is unavoidable. On average, the substrate inputs cause half of the total cost of the biogas operation.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity, Heating and Cooling
Code: LUEHC03
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Lack of resources for natural and economic reasons
Affected Technologies:
Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The current thermal regulation imposes the use of renewable energy in buildings. However, all types of renewable energies are not necessarily adapted to Luxembourg. This is the case of solar thermal energy for example, which is deemed too expensive compared to the low insolation rates in the country. Despite this fact, the installation of solar water heaters is still regularly suggested. People are not enough informed about the poor profitability of solar thermal systems in Luxembourg. On the contrary, the use of wood burning systems is fairly limited, when Luxembourg conditions would allow a good profitability of such facilities. One observes instead the existence of negative communication regarding the maintenance constraints of wood burning installations in order to maintain their performance.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: LUHC01
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Information exchange / communication between relevant stakeholders
Affected Technologies:
Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Although financial support is rather high, stakeholders point out that suppliers tend to adjust their prices depending on the level of subsidies. Thus, one observes that the market price of solar thermal installations has fallen sharply along with the level of subsidies. The barrier lies in the fact that consumers are technically not competent enough to detect the abuse of some installers. The latter namely sometimes charge installations at too high prices, justified through unnecessary options. In order to avoid these abusive situations, stakeholders suggest that experts determine each year the accurate market price of an average installation for each renewable energy technology. The calculation could be supervised by the government.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: LUHC02
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Information exchange / communication between relevant stakeholders
Affected Technologies:
Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The support system in place in Luxembourg provides financial support up to 50% for heat production systems from solar energy. However, this funding is still too little known among households. In fact, no governmental information campaign is running to raise the public awareness on the existence of such support schemes.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: LUHC04
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Public perception of RES
Affected Technologies:
Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There are discussions ongoing on the substitution of solarthermal installations through the use of PV for the heating of boilers. It might therefore be the case that solarthermal installations will be less used in the future.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: LUHC06
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Reliability of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Even though the official national strategy aims at concentrating on biofuels, the support policy implemented for biofuels is rather limited. First, the existing support scheme solely consists in the definition of biofuel quota to be fulfilled by oil companies selling gasoline or diesel for transport purposes, whereas other European countries provide additional support measures for biofuels, such as reduced energy tax rates. On the other hand, the new government of Luxembourg, which came to office in December 2013, has pronounced itself against first generation biofuels and plans not only to limit their maximum incorporation rate, but also to condition their support upon social and ecological criteria. According to the government, first generation biofuels have proven not to meet the requirements of sustainable development. Instead, the government has committed itself to supporting the development of second generation biofuels.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: LUT01
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Numerous advocates of RES in Luxembourg criticize the strategy of the Government hitherto to focus on the development of biofuels in RES-T. In this regard, a communication platform composed of several NGOs has been created to protest against the further production and use of biofuels. The main arguments of the platform called “cerealkiller-lu” are that biofuels are dangerous for global food security and impede biodiversity. Moreover, they are too expensive and their effects on the reduction of CO2 emissions are unsatisfactory. Another main argument against biofuels relates to the ILUC factor, which underpins the argument contesting the ecological interest of first generation biofuels. In fact, opponents of biofuels argue that the additional CO2 emissions resulting from the conversion of forests into arable land, annuls the initial positive effects of biofuels.

Component Authority:  Cerealkiller.lu - NGO
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: LUT02
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Public perception of RES
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T gaseous biofuels (biomethane)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T gaseous biofuels (bio-CNG)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bio-LNG)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Regarding the use of biogene material in the transport sector, there are mainly biogas plants in Luxembourg. In addition, a few rapeseed fields are cultivated. The Government intended to further expand the cultivation of rapeseed. However, due to the resistence of the population these plans were not realised. This barrier leads to a stagnation of the development of the biofuels sector in Luxembourg.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: LUT03
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Integration of biofuel production in spatial planning
Affected Technologies:
Electricity
RES-T electricity
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Despite the availability of investment grants for the purchase of electric vehicles, only very few vehicles have been registered. This is because the Luxembourgers misconceived the need of electric mobility at first as the range of this kind of vehicles is low. At the end of 2015, only 600 electric vehicles were operated in Luxembourg, of which almost 500 were company-owned.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: LUT04
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Technological issues (e.g. blending limits)