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Electricity

Barrier index per category and technology

Heating and Cooling

Barrier index per category and technology

Transport

Barrier index per category and technology

Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There are no general instructions for municipalities how to deal with small RES plants. As a consequence different municipalities have different requirements: Some require a building permission, some don’t, others ask for administrative fees and some require full plans in drawing. As a consequence, RES developers have to spend additional time for each project. This has been a problem especially for solar power developers.

Component Authority:  Municipalities
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: FIE01
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Complexity of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There are no general instructions for grid operators as regards the connection of small RES plants. Since there are 70 different grid operators in Finland, the procedures vary a lot. The energy industry has published recommendations on this topic but these recommendations are not binding. As a consequence, RES developers need to spend additional time and resources in the grid access process to get adapted to the particular process. The recommendations are not binding but an increasing number of grid operators and electricity companies have started to publish their conditions and the situation is somewhat improving. However, this barrier remains an unresolved issue for small plants.

Component Authority:  Työ- ja elinkeinoministeriö
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: FIE02
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Predictability / transparency of connection procedure
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

In Finland, the most relevant support scheme for small scale systems is an investment aid that covers up to 35% of the project costs. However, only companies and municipalities are eligible for this aid but no private persons. As a consequence owners from residential building and other private persons have no access to funding for small scale RES projects. The investment aid for private households should be funded by the Finnish Environmental Ministry but the ministry does not have sufficient funding. However, this barrier has been acknowledged and the ministries have had several working groups trying to design a net-metering system for small scale RES installations. PV-panel systems for detached houses are already feasible without financial support, when the electricity is used in the household and not sold outside.

Component Authority:  Valtioneuvosto
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: FIE03
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Description:

If the owner of a small scale system uses the generated electricity for his own use, he does not need to pay for taxes and transfer fee for this amount of electricity. However, many smart meters that have been installed and that are necessary for calculating the generation and consumption take measurements only every hour. The users of the grid are thus treated differently. As a consequence it is difficult for the owners of such net meters to save sufficient money that their investments pays off. Furthermore, the net-billing in (1 hour) has not been implemented. In addition, the grid operators are in the process of renewing their pricing structures towards fixed or power based tariffs that can be very detrimental to small scale system profitability.

Component Authority:  DSOs
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: FIE04
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Operational issues
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

It is still difficult to find companies which would purchase the produced electricity. Those which exist take margins and sometimes billing fees which in addition reduce the margins of the producers. There is the plan to map down those companies which are willing to buy but this has not happened so far. There are some companies that offer about 6 ct/kWh to purchase solar power from producers, just to name an example, but more generally this barrier remains an issue. The Finnish Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment, however, is on the position that as long as the margins and billing fees are reasonable, there should not be a problem. The view is that there wouldn’t be an incentive for this, if the companies would not have any financial benefits.

Component Authority:  Market players
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: FIE05
Category: Market structure
Sub-Category: Fair and independent regulation of the RES sector
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Price guarantee of the main support scheme in Finland is not available to small producers and PV power producers. Moreover, the processes to receive the support are very burdensome and expensive which makes the support scheme inefficient for smaller installers. According to the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment, the EU Commission’s Competition Unit (DG COMP) requires certain things due to state aid regulations and the Finnish state aid regulation is quite strict. The main thing is to have reliable information about the quantities produced since the aid is paid EUR per produced MWh. Therefore the costs for small scale producers are high, but the scheme was not planned for small scale developers in the first place.

Component Authority:  Työ- ja elinkeinoministeriö
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: FIE06
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Calculation scheme for the E-figure is an indicator for Energy Efficiency of a certain type of building, which also includes the locally produced energy. E-figure does not calculate energy that is produced not directly in the building but next to the building. As a consequence this creates limits on feasibility of many projects.

Component Authority:  Ympäristöministeriö
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: FIE07
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Operational issues
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E offshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solar power
RES-E PV ground-mounted
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydro power
RES-E small hydro (≤ 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E large hydro (> 20 MW)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Ocean energy
RES-E wave energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E tidal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E liquid biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-E solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Geothermal energy
RES-E geothermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The legislation in Finland concerning support schemes for renewable energy development is going through major revision at the moment. Thus, there is a lot of uncertainty among project developers and investors, which means that major projects have been put on hold. Although the new support scheme has been announced as of December 2016 and is currently being discussed in the Finnish Parliament, there are still uncertainties especially for wind power producers, as the government has decided to commission a study on its health effects before the support scheme can be launched for wind power. However, the proposed support scheme enables adding 2 TWh of wind power production from 2018 until 2020, which is seen as a very modest target by stakeholders. Parliamentary elections coming up in 2019 will possibly bring changes into energy policy as well.

Component Authority:  Työ- ja elinkeinoministeriö
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: FIE09
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Reliability of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Finnish air forces assess whether wind parks could disturb military radar communication systems. If this is their assessment then they will withhold their approval which is necessary to conclude the permission process. All applicants of wind power plants have to go through this process and the Finnish air force usually decides at the very end of the permission process. As a consequence, developers suffer to a large extent from lacking investment security and related financial risks independently whether the project is approved or not. Responsible authorities have shown a very restrictive approach in the past especially in case of larger wind power parks (approx. 11 % of all applications are not approved). If the approval is not given, the project either fails or project developers have to take a substantial share (about 30%) of the costs for modifying the existing radar systems (approx. 50,000 EUR per wind power plant). This does not prevent the project in theory but leads to substantially higher costs and risks which in practice prevent many of the disapproved projects. However, for some years now, the military has a special methodology which assesses whether radar systems are disturbed by wind power projects or not. For example, a project developer submits the required data to the military, the latter runs the data through a computer program, and then the developers receive information if the project would disturb radars or not. The project may gain the final approval from the military as soon as the developer has the specific locations/coordinates for turbines as well as their maximum heights. But if a developer needs to change the layout of the project later on, another approval is required. Also, the Finnish parliament enacted a special law for the region of Pohjonmaa (Ostrobothnia), which is very popular for wind projects. The law allows the establishment of wind projects, although there is a very clear radar disturbance. However, under the law the developers are also obliged to pay for a new radar system, which is basically an additional tax on the project. These sums have to be paid to the Finnish government per wind turbine. Still, the air forces have the power to block any project without trying to seek a solution that would be possible for both the wind power developer and the military. No information is given by the air forces as to which areas of a project site are problematic or if some turbines could be accepted. The approval from the military has to be sought in case of all projects but it varies greatly from area to area, whether the military can or cannot accept the project. Some parts of Finland are completely no-go-areas at the moment with current radar technology.

Component Authority:  Puolustusministeriö
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: FIE10
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Duration of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

A substantial percentage of the planned wind power plants will be developed in the northern part of Finland. However, most of the electricity that these plants will produce will be consumed in the South of Finland. Therefore, that electricity must be transported there. For the moment this does not constitute a serious problem. Still, it will become an urgent issue if wind power capacities are built up as planned as the transmission grid may become too weak. It will lead to lower injection permits which will jeopardize the financial security of future projects.

Component Authority:  Energiavirasto
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: FIE11
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Transparent and foreseeable grid development
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The Finnish law (Maanrakennuslaki) conveys broad rights to petitioners against wind power plants. There are restrictions as to who has the right for appeal, but still the right to appeal is still quite wide, and the procedures nowadays take up to 9 to 18 months in court (with an additional 9 to 18 months in the Supreme Administrative Court if an appeal is escalated)., But in the worst-case scenario it might also take up to three years, which would of course be a death blow to many projects. But an even bigger problem is that the Finnish legislation is sometimes unclear in terms of what developers have to do in order to get permits and not fall under appeal. So the regulations are open to interpretation. The petitioners quite often send an appeal to court claiming the decision makers were disqualified. Even though the project developer would do everything by the book, the project might end up in court. Broad rights of appeal are therefore not seen as an issue, rather the problem is that administrative courts are lacking resources to handle the appeals in a timely manner.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: FIE12
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Transparent and foreseeable grid development
Affected Technologies:
Wind power
RES-E onshore wind
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The centres for economic development, transport and the environment (elinkeino-, liikenne- ja ympäristökeskus) are responsible for coordinating the social and environmental impact assessment process. However, there are no general instructions for this process and the procedures vary a lot.

Component Authority:  Työ- ja elinkeinoministeriö
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: FIE13
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Complexity of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Solar power
RES-E PV rooftop
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-E gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There has been a guarantee of origin system in place for quite some time now in Finland to ensure the correctness of information stated on the use of renewable energy sources, and to promote the opportunity for electricity consumers to opt for electricity from renewable sources. Guarantees of origin of electricity are only issued to electricity produced from renewable energy sources. Most of the small scale-producers use the produced electricity for themselves and if they have that much excess production that they can sell it to the markets, the GoO system should not be too expensive. However, the revenue from GoO is very low at the moment and thus obtaining these guarantees might not be economically feasible. Furthermore, large scale solar power will be not competitive with wind power under this system.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Electricity
Code: FIE15
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Certification
Affected Technologies:
Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

There are no general instructions for municipalities how to deal with small RES plants. As a consequence different municipalities have different requirements: Some require a building permission, some don’t, others ask for administrative fees and some require full plans in drawing. These procedures make the overall process more burdensome and difficult for the project developers. This has been a problem particularly for solar producers.

Component Authority:  Municipalities
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: FIHC01
Category: Administrative processes
Sub-Category: Complexity of administrative procedure
Affected Technologies:
Geothermal energy
RES-HC deep geothermal
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC shallow geothermal (heat pumps)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

If a small-scale energy producer would like to sell the energy that he is not using, he is subject to an income tax. Income tax for income on investments (for example rent income, income from selling left over energy) must be paid from €20. Heating companies who are buying the electricity from small-scale energy producers (solar power producers) have an obligation to withhold the tax. Therefore they have often agreed on a purchase limit of EUR19 per month for one seller.

Component Authority:  Valtiovarainministeriö
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: FIHC07
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Taxing regime
Affected Technologies:
Geothermal energy
RES-HC shallow geothermal (heat pumps)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

In Finland, the most relevant support scheme for small scale systems is an investment aid that covers up to 35% of the project costs. However, only companies and municipalities are eligible for this aid but no private persons. As a consequence, owners of residential building and other private persons have no access to funding for small scale RES projects. The investment fund for private households should be funded by Ympäristöministeriö, but Ministry of the Environment does not have sufficient funding. Moreover, the funds are not permanent and applicants cannot know whether they are applicable or not, as there is no guarantee that the applicant will receive the funding.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: FIHC09
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of RES support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Biomass
RES-HC gaseous biomass
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (waste)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-HC solid biomass (forest by-products)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The heat market is not very much regulated. As a consequence heat producers cannot feed the produced heat into the heat district heating network. Furthermore, the problem is that the heat selling companies enjoy a monopoly and they haven’t wanted to open the market to other producers than themselves.

Component Authority:  Työ- ja elinkeinoministeriö
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: FIHC10
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: District heating networks
Affected Technologies:
Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

As in Finland there is no single regulation on connection to district heating network for solar power, then every project is considered separately. Requirements are regulated in the contract and therefore can vary depending on the local grid operator. Furthermore, the problem is that the heat selling companies enjoy a monopoly and they haven’t wanted to open the market to other producers than themselves.

Component Authority:  Energiavirasto
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: FIHC11
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Predictability / transparency of connection procedure
Affected Technologies:
Solarthermal energy
RES-HC solarthermal energy
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

For small-scale solar energy producers, it is difficult to sell their heat into district heat network. Heat production companies rarely agree paying full price to small-scale solar energy producers. This is because paying for small-producers brings with indirect costs for the heating company. Second reason is, that heating prices are around the year the almost the same and are not very much cost-oriented. This means that higher actual costs during cold periods do not raise heat prices. If the calculation of heat prices were more cost-oriented, it would help for a third of heat producers to sell their heat more freely. It also brings higher heat costs for consumers. Moreover, selling solar heat is not economically feasible with current district heating prices. For this reason, more and more companies are moving towards seasonal tariffs.

Component Authority:  Työ- ja elinkeinoministeriö
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Heating and Cooling
Code: FIHC13
Category: Market structure
Sub-Category: Fair and independent regulation of the RES sector
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T gaseous biofuels (biomethane)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T gaseous biofuels (bio-CNG)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bio-LNG)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Electricity
RES-T electricity
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydrogen
RES-T hydrogen
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

The Finnish government is mainly interested in the traditional RES technologies (hydropower and industrial biomass systems) which are highly competitive. The share of renewable energy sources (RES) in the national primary energy consumption is high. However, almost all of it is covered by logging waste and old hydropower that are highly competitive also without any subsidies from the state. The rest is mainly covered by the blending of liquid biofuels (gasoline and diesel) as required by the mandatory blending scheme. So far, diverse support instruments used have been inadequate to get any other RES technology to play a significant role in Finland, although the situation has still improved in recent years. For example, many traffic biofuel factories have been established with the help of investment subsidies and other support from the government. This policy change was made as a result of EU directives, after initial resistance of implementing the directives. Quantitative development has been very fast in the last few years. But qualitative development has not yet received adequate attention.

Component Authority:  Valtioneuvosto
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: FIT01
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Existence of general RES strategy
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Consumers are reluctant to change to cars that run on biogas. Financial aspects cannot be the main reason because biogas cars are cheaper than cars which use fossil fuels especially under the existing taxing regime. It seems that consumers simply lack interest to switch.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: FIT02
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Public perception of RES
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Electricity
RES-T electricity
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Users of cars running on RES lack an appropriate infrastructure. First of all, there are not sufficient filling- and charging stations in most parts of the country. Second, stations which charge electric cars do not sell 100% RES electricity but the blended electricity mix that contains electricity from nuclear and other sources as well. This also applies to biodiesel which cannot be bought as 100% biodiesel but which is usually blended into the regular diesel. As a consequence people do not have the option to actually use biofuels. However, thanks to the very rapid development in recent years of establishing new biogas filling stations, this situation is improving quickly.

Component Authority:  Työ- ja elinkeinoministeriö
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged and addressed
Sector(s): Transport
Code: FIT03
Category: Grid regulation and infrastructure
Sub-Category: Lack of infrastructure and infrastructure development
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Farmers are among the main group of investors into small RES systems. For them, the payback time is not that important but the investment threshold is decisive as they are usually risk averse.

Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: FIT04
Category: Political and economic framework
Sub-Category: Revenue risk under given support scheme
Affected Technologies:
Biofuels
RES-T gaseous biofuels (biomethane)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T gaseous biofuels (bio-CNG)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (biodiesel)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bioethanol)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T liquid biofuels (bio-LNG)
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

RES-T other biofuels
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Electricity
RES-T electricity
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Hydrogen
RES-T hydrogen
Spread
  1. The barrier impacts sporadically on installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  2. The barrier affects a small fraction of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  3. The barrier affects a moderate share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  4. The barrier affects a predominant share of installations of the above mentioned technologies.
  5. The barrier concerns almost all installations of the above mentioned technologies.
Severity
  1. The identified barrier has minimal effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. It causes no or negligible time loss and has no or negligible financial consequences.
  2. The barrier has minor effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation may be slightly slowed down and financial consequences may (rarely) arise.
  3. The barrier has moderate effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, resulting into important time and financial losses.
  4. The barrier has substantial effects on the further development of installations of the above mentioned technologies. The completion of the installation could be seriously jeopardized, resulting into substantial time and financial losses.
  5. The identified barrier has severe effects on the development of installations of the above mentioned technologies, leading to project abortion.

Description:

Motive power tax is an annual surcharge tax levied on cars that can be driven on other fuels than gasoline. This unique gasoline subsidy mechanism has been in effect since 1965.

Component Authority:  Valtioneuvosto
Barrier Acknowledgement:  

Acknowledged and addressed - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority and some measures were officially undertaken to overcome it. However no positive effects could be observed yet.

Acknowledged - The barrier has been acknowledged by the competent authority. However, the policy makers and stakeholders competent to overcome the barrier have not addressed the problem so far.

Not acknowledged - The barrier has not been acknowledged by the competent authority. As a result, no measures were undertaken.

Not acknowledged
Sector(s): Transport
Code: FIT05
Category: Other
Sub-Category: Taxing regime